The Effects of Hope on Student Engagement, Academic Performance, and Vocational Identity

Hyung Joon Yoon, Al Akhawayn University; Hyoyeon In, The Pennsylvania State University; Spencer G. Niles, The College of William & Mary; Norman E. Amundson, Barbara A. Smith, & Lauri Mills The University of British Columbia


This study examines (1) the baseline measure of the Hope Centred Career Inventory (HCCI) in Canada and the United States and (2) the relationships among hope, student engagement, academic performance, and vocational identity, having hope as a primary predictor. The sample consisted of 1685 students at two universities in Canada and two universities in the United States. Normative scores of the HCCI for Canadian and U.S. students were derived from the data. The results indicate that hope has effects on both vocational identity and academic performance (GPA) via student engagement as a mediator. The effects of hope on GPA were found to be weak. Student engagement fully mediated the relationship with GPA and partially mediated the relationship with vocational identity

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